Submission 92

Submission 92

Protein phosphorylation is one of the most important post-translational modifcations (PTMs) and regulates a broad spectrum of biological processes. Recent progresses in phosphoproteomic identifcations have generated a flood of phosphorylation sites, while the integration of these sites is an urgent need. In this work, we developed a curated database of dbPAF, containing known phosphorylation sites in H. sapiens, M. musculus, R. norvegicus, D. melanogaster, C. elegans, S. pombe and S. cerevisiae. From the scientifc literature and public databases, we totally collected and integrated 54,148 phosphoproteins with 483,001 phosphorylation sites. Multiple options were provided for accessing the data, while original references and other annotations were also present for each phosphoprotein. Based on the new data set, we computationally detected signifcantly over-represented sequence motifs around phosphorylation sites, predicted potential kinases that are responsible for the modifcation of collected phospho-sites, and evolutionarily analyzed phosphorylation conservation states across different species. Besides to be largely consistent with previous reports, our results also proposed new features of phospho-regulation. Taken together, our database can be useful for further analyses of protein phosphorylation in human and other model organisms. The dbPAF database was implemented in PHP+ MySQL and freely available at http://dbpaf.biocuckoo.org.